The 6 Types Of Hydroponic Systems - by MEGAPot

The 6 Types Of Hydroponic Systems

The world of hydropinics is becoming increasingly popular, and the amount of people choosing it against the more conventional methods has also increased. There are also many types of systems which you can use, and they do all differ in some way. In this article we will look at the 6 types of hydroponic systems and what makes them all differ. 

The Basics Of Hydroponics

Hydroponics is an effective way to grow plants in water solutions where you have full control over the amount of rich nutrients that are placed in there. Instead of using conventional growing methods such as soil, you are able to expose the root of the plant directly to the nutrients. This can lead to a better growth and stronger overall finished product. Also by using this method you are able to achieve a much quicker growth rate.

The Types of System 

When it comes to the 6 types of hydroponic systems there are many that you can choose from. The ones listed below are most commonly used, as well as the most widely available. These include:-

  • Wick System

The wick system is the simplest of all the hydroponic systems available on the market today. This is due to the simple set up, but also for any type of crops or plants you want to grow. What is unique about this system is that is doesn’t use aerators, pumps or even electricity. 

With the majority of wick systems, the plants will be placed directly into an absorbent substance. The nylon wicks are then positioned around the plants before being placed straight into a nutrient solution.

This type of system is ideal for those growing plants that do not require a large amount of nutrients, or are looking to grow small amounts. Equally those plants that do not require large amounts of water will also grow well in this system. 

  • Water Culture

A water culture system is a highly simplistic hydroponic system that places the root directly into the nutrient rich solution. Comparing this to the wick system that implements a barrier between the plants and water, this water culture feature does not. And any oxygen that is needed for the plant is sent via a pump directly into the water. This way all plants or crops get exactly what they need and quickly. 

One of the main advantages of this type of system is that the plant is placed right into the nutrients exposing the root from the outset. By exposing the plants from the outset you are able to generate a quicker growth rate, whilst still maintaining the plant’s strength. 

The Ebb and Flow system is used amongst most home gardners. The plants in this system are placed within a spacious growth bed that is packed with growth medium. Once all the plants are placed into the growth bed, a nutrient rich solution floods into the bed and sits a couple inches below the top layer. This ensures no overflow.

The smart element about this type of system is that the pump in which floods water into the bed has a specific timer so will know when to turn on and off the water so there is no flooding. Any excess water is then collected and sent back through the pump to eliminate wastage. This system is recommended for smaller plants and crops due to its overall size.

  • Drip Systems 

The drip system is an easy to use hydroponic system that can be altered for different types of plants. Ideal therefore for those that make regular changes to what they are growing. This system controls the nutrients solution by injecting it straight into the plant’s base. However, before it is placed into the plant there is a drip emitter which controls how much solution travels. You can adjust the flow to meet the needs of each individual. 

These systems can be built to be as big or as small as you would like. This is great for those changing what types of plants they are growing. The user will have full control of the flow of nutrients, and can alter the amount the plants are intaking. Just always be careful to keep an eye on the nutrient levels, as this type of system will allow a constant flow.

  • N.F.T. (Nutrient Film Technology)

The N.F.T. system has a very simple design, and is also widely used because of how well it scales. When you use one of these systems the nutritional solution that you will utilise is placed into a large reservoir. From here, this is then pumped into slope channels so it flows down the roots of the plant. But also ensures that there is limited wastage. 

  • Aeroponic Systems 

Aeroponic Systems are very easy to understand, but can be difficult to build and put together. The plants in which you are growing will be suspended in the air, hence the difficulty with the build. Below the plants are mist nozzles. The mist nozzles spray nutrients directly into the root which is great for ensuring plants are subjected to what they require. All of the mist that is not absorbed is caught within the reservoir below to be able to use once again. 

This type of system is suitable for all plant types depending on the size of the reservoir that you are able to create. Larger plants will naturally require something larger. Another benefit of this system is having the plants suspended in the air. With them being suspended they are subjected to maximum amounts of oxygen. Also, by the mist being caught you can recycle water, lowering the amount of water used.

To Conclude 

There are many ways in which to utilise hydroponics, and the 6 types of hydroponic systems are amongst the most popular on the market today. They all differ, but the principles are very much the same. What will determine what you choose will be price and also space. At MEGAPot we ensure to deliver the products our customers need to grow successfully. For more information on our product range please do Contact Us.